What are the 7 types of logistics in 2023?

types of logistics

Logistics is a big word; it has many different meanings in business. For example, logistics can mean the distribution of products and services. It can also refer to the management of this process or even just one part. However, logistics is only sometimes used in relation to transportation.
For example, green logistics refers to sustainable practices such as recycling packaging materials or using renewable energy sources. This article will explain 7 types of logistics being used today: Inbound Logistics, Outbound Logistics, Reverse Logistics, Third Party Logistics (3PL), Fourth Party Logistics (4PL), and Global Logistics.

Inbound Logistics

Inbound logistics is moving goods from a supplier to a company. Inbound logistics is used when a company outsources its manufacturing, has multiple suppliers and needs to manage them, or has multiple warehouses.

Logistics companies use inbound logistics to manage the flow of goods entering their facility(ies). They can do this by receiving shipments at one location before distributing them throughout the rest of their network.

Inbound Logistics Examples:

  • A company manufactures electronics and needs to receive shipments from its suppliers.
  • A company has multiple warehouses and needs to manage them in one place.
  • A manufacturer outsources its manufacturing to a third party and must manage that relationship.

Outbound Logistics

The process of transporting commodities from one location to another is known as outbound logistics. It can move goods from the factory, warehouse, or store to customers.

Outbound logistics involves many different processes, including:

  • Transportation planning – determining how much cargo needs to be transported and where it will go; this includes choosing which mode of transportation (car/truck/train) will be used as well as whether or not there are any restrictions on what kind of cargo you can transport in each vehicle type (for example, some trucks cannot carry hazardous materials).
  • Cargo tracking – monitoring all shipments throughout their journey. This includes tracking each package by its serial number so that if something goes wrong with one shipment, you know exactly which package needs attention first, so nothing else gets delayed because of it!

Reverse logistics

Reverse logistics is the practice of collecting and managing returned items. It’s used in retail and e-commerce to ensure that customers receive their products while helping companies avoid losing money on damaged or defective products.

The benefits of reverse logistics include the following:

  • Reduced costs: By handling returns through a centralized hub, you can reduce the number of shipments going out to individual retailers or customers. This means fewer trucks on the road and less fuel being burned by those trucks–saving both time and money for your company.
  • Improved customer satisfaction levels with faster delivery times since customers won’t be waiting for weeks as their returns are processed by each retailer separately (which may take longer than expected due to high volumes). In addition, if there is an issue with a product that needs fixing before it can be sent back out into circulation again, then this will be done at once instead of having multiple people deal with it individually over time which takes much longer than just one person doing everything at once!

Third-party logistics

3PL is a company that provides logistics services to another company. The third-party logistics company is a logistics service provider (3PL). 3PL companies are usually smaller than 4PL companies, but it’s common for them to be specialized in a certain industry or type of service.

Fourth-party logistics

Fourth-party logistics (4PL) is a type of logistics that focuses on the movement of goods between companies. 4PLs provide the following services:

  • Transportation management
  • Inventory management
  • Price optimization and forecasting

4PLs are often hired by large corporations to handle their logistics needs, especially when it comes to moving goods across borders or across multiple locations within a country. They can also help you with compliance issues such as customs regulations, trade restrictions, and tariffs on imported goods.

What is the difference between 3PL and 4PL?

A third-party logistics provider (3PL) is a company that provides logistics services to other businesses. They can also be referred to as freight forwarders or transportation management companies (TMCs).

On the other hand, a fourth-party logistics provider (4PL) provides services beyond just transportation, such as warehousing and distribution. 4PLs are often used by companies with high-value products that require more complex solutions than what traditional 3PLs offer. If you’ve ever ordered something online from an overseas retailer like Amazon, chances are good a 4PL handled your package!

Green Logistics

Green logistics is a type of logistics that is used to reduce the environmental impact of transportation. Green logistics can be used to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, reduce fuel consumption, and save money.

To understand how green logistics work, we must first examine how traditional transportation works. Most trucks use diesel engines which produce high levels of carbon dioxide emissions and other pollutants such as nitrogen oxides and particulate matter (PM). These pollutants harm humans and animals, so we must find ways to reduce them if we want our planet healthy enough for future generations!

Global Logistics

Global logistics is the movement of goods and services across international borders. It’s a complex process that requires many different types of logistics.

Global logistics can be used to move goods from one country to another and transfer information between countries. For example, you work for an international company. You need your work documents sent from your office in New York City to your home office in Rome, Italy (or any other location). Global logistics will come into play here!

Logistics can be used in different ways, and there are several types that you may need to learn about.


Logistics is a complicated system that calls for a lot of preparation and coordination, but it also offers many advantages to companies that use it well.


In Conclusion

The logistics industry is constantly changing, and so are the types of logistics being used. As technology advances and more businesses become aware of their impact on the environment, companies will have even more options to choose from when deciding how best to move goods around the world.

For more information on logistic types, visit our website by clicking here!

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